Colonial America

What year did all 13 colonies have their own governments?


The government structure in the 13 colonies was based on what type of colony it was. The American Colonies were broken down into 3 separate types. They were Corporate Colony; Royal Colony; or Proprietary Colony.

Corporate Colony -

This is when the king granted land to a company. The company governed this land. The charter companies were usually self-governed and the people retained their English rights.

The governor was elected by those qualified to vote. Two-house legislature contained upper and lower houses, and were also elected by the voters.


Royal Colony -

The king and his ministers ruled the land. The king appointed a governor and a council of assistants. The governor had veto power. The governor and council acted as upper house. The lower house was elected by the voters.



Proprietary Colony -

The king granted land to a family, person, or group of people. These people called "proprietors," had as much governing power as the king over their lands. The proprietor usually appointed a governor and a council of assistants.

The governor and the council were the upper house. The lower house was elected by the voters.


Massachusetts - Corporate (1620-1691) / Royal (1691 - 1776).

Rhode Island - Corporate (1643-1776).

Connecticut - Corporate (1643-1776).

New Hampshire - Proprietary (1639 - 1679) / Royal (1679 - 1776).

New York - Proprietary (1663 - 1685) / Royal (1685 - 1776).

New Jersey - Proprietary (1663 - 1702) / Royal (1702 -1776).

Delaware - Proprietary (1682 -1776).

Pennsylvania - Proprietary (1682 - 1776).

Virginia - Corporate (1607 - 1624) / Royal (1624 -1776).

Maryland - Proprietary (1632 -1776).

North Carolina - Proprietary (1663 -1744) / Royal (1744 - 1776).

South Carolina - Proprietary (1663 - 1729) / Royal (1729 - 1776).

Georgia - Proprietary (1732 - 1752) / Royal (1752 - 1776).